This ancient Port town is situated 5 kms south of Udupi, the District Hq. The river Udyavara that flows from the east to west takes a northerly turn and separates the town Udyavara from the sea before joining the sea at Malpe. The river has several islets and its long and broad stretch is safe for navigation and anchored. Also, the river has created an enchanting scene with beautiful green belt on either side.
Udyavara was one of the earliest capitals of the Alupas. It was a bone of contention between two factions of this family. As a result, the place became a battle ground during the 8th-9th Century A.D. Numerous inscriptions have been reported from this place. They provide the earliest epigraphical information about the Alupas.
Udyavara during its pristine period had two fortifications. The inner enclosure had palace and the outer big one contained houses of all people, temples and business establishments. Antiquity of this place goes back to 4th-3rd Century B.C. Test excavations conducted here has yielded potterty of this period. Also, perhaps the earliest information about the Jaina Santaras (rulers of Hombuchcha) is obtained from this place.
Though ancient, the city has lost its heritage due to modern development. Remnants of fort walls, some temples and inscriptions are but a few evidences to speak of its ancient glory. One of the earliest temples of this region was built here on a big rocky boulder. Various social groups and relious sects lived here. The important temples of this place are 1) The Shambu Kallu, 2) the Veera Bhadra Durgaparameshwari and the Vinayaka. Though ancient, they have obtained modern tingedue to repairs and renovations.
Besides being an ancient centre, Udyavara has a very good potential of being developed as a tourist centre with opportunities for water sports.
Dr. P.N. Narasimha Murthy.