Mangalore is a long stretch of beautiful green land at the South western part of the Indian peninsula. The word ‘Mangalore’ means auspicious place. ‘Mangala’ (Sanskrit) means happiness auspicious, ‘Uuru’ the end suffix means ‘place’. ‘Mangalore’ is the Portuguese corruption of the word ‘Mangaluru’ or’ Mangalapura’. But the natives identify this place as ‘Kudla’ or Kodial meaning the joining of two rivers. (‘kuudu’ means to join and ‘ala’ refers for water/river).
Traveler Ibn Batuta records that the word is dated as 1342 A.D. He mentioned this as he arrived at a place named Manjarun or Mandjaur (Mangalore), which is situated on a large estuary of the sea, called the “estuary of the wolf” and which is the greatest estuary in the country of Malabar. After Ibn Batuta we have no recordings about Mangalore. In the 15th century Abdul Razzak, the Persian Ambassador passed via this route on his way to Viayanagar. Moodabidri inscription gives the king’s name as Mangaras Odyeya dated 1390 as the governor of Mangaluura Raajya during the reign of Vira Hariharaya II of Vijayanagar. Another record mentions that Deeva Raaja Odeya ruled the Mangaluura raajya in 1429 A.D. during the reign of Vijayanagara King Veera Devaraaya II.
From the beginning of Christian era till the arrival of Portuguese, Mangalore region was under the rule of Kadambas, the Western Chalukyas, the Alup Rajas, the Rashtrkuutas and the Hoysalas. The name ‘Mangalore’ could be traced in two records. Under the sovereign of Alupa King Banki Deeva Alupendra (1304 A.D.) gives a gift of land and another record at Manjunatha temple at ‘Kadri’ inscription also give the word ‘Mangalore’.
Mangalore being the District Headquarters is now a city bustling with trade and commerce. St. Aloysius college at Mangalore is famous for a chapel with beautiful paintings by classical Italian artistes.
Mangalore is well connected with the country by air, rail and road. The stretch between Mangalore and Udupi can be covered in an hour by bus. There is also train facility to Udupi. The New Mangalore Harbour with the iron ore projects, and iron pellet processing plant can be seen at New Harbour. For sight seeing and picnic one can go to the picturesque Ullal beach just 10 Kms from the heart of Mangalore city. ‘Summer Sands’ a beach resort with beach side restaurant and cottage in native styles attracts tourists.
The Mangalore University is situated about 12 Kms to the South east of Mangalore on a picturesque range hills sheltering lush green areca and coconut plantation down the valleys. On the Mangalore-Ullal Road lies the famous Fisheries College. The Regional Engineering College is situated in Surathkal on the Mangalore-Udupi Highway about 20 kms north from the city of Mangalore. Mangalore is centre for many educational institutions. The well known Kasturba Medical College is in the heart of the city.