PORT AND FISHERIES
The port and beaches of Udupi are considered to be most beautiful in the country. The natural ports in this districts are the famous centres of business even in the past and this land is considered the finest spot in coastal Karnataka. The Kaup light house, Dariabahadur Gada, St Mary’s Island, Malpe port have the credit of being the attractive tourist spots as well as business centre. Malpe has been developing into a fullfledged natural port and is hectic all the days due to fishing activities. In addition to this Malpe, Brahmavar, Barkur, Hangarakatte are also working as important ports involved in fishing activities. It may be recalled here that Barkur was once the capital of the Alupa kingdom.
Udupi district is an ideal and convenient place for fishing activities. In addition to the Arabian sea which is a rich source of fishing here, the tributaries, and backwaters in the district are involved in inland fishing. There are many wells and fishponds for raising fish seed and stocking of fish.More than 5000 families do fishing for their livelihood. Many are involved directly in fishing activities and some indirectly. Though do fishing for their livelihood, mechanized boating has started many years ago, there are many who still do fishing with the traditional boats in traditional style.
The district also hosts many institutions involved in fish processing and canning activities. These canning institutions supplying fish meal which has more demand abroad.
Malpe Fishing Port
Having a long coastline of about 300 kms Karnataka is richly blessed with enormous sea wealth. South Kanara and North Kanara are the 2 coastal districts of this state. Though there about 28 fishing centrs, it is very unfortunate to note that only 5 among them have been developed into small scale fishing ports. Malpe is one such port. It has an area of 22.81 hectares and is situated where river Udyavar meets the Arabic Sea.
In early 60’s Malpe was distinguished as an important fishing centre and by 1970 Malpe had 180 motor boats.
Motor boats were introduced in 1957 in Karnataka. Thus, the necessity of ports and harbours for the smooth functioning of these motor boat arose. This responsibility was undertaken by UNDPFAO which conducted a survey in 1968 and declared that Malpe was suitable in every aspect for developing into a small fishing port. The government of India, sanctioned Rs. 5.46 Crs in 1976, to convert Malpe into a small port. Later the amount for development was increased to 4.46 Crs. The work began in full vigour in 1976 and was completed in a record span of 10 year by 1986.
The following are the important facilities provided
118 Mt long Port
160 Mt long 2 Jetty
50 x30 sq Mt wide auction ward
200 x100 sq Mt wide sea area
Water supply, drainage, electricity etc.
Karnataka Fisheries Development built a 20ton capacity ice plant, and in addition to Marine Production private Ltd., a 10 capacity Ice Plant was built. These two ice plant provided the necessary Ice. The next provision was diesel and this was provided by Karnataka Fisheries Development Department, Dakshina Kannada District Govt. Fish Marketing Centre and Malpe troll Govt. Centre. The tribe provided 3 diesel bunks. Apart from this, the farmer 2, also built up 2 commercial complexes to the benefit of the local fishermen.
The part has been built in such as way that it can accommodate 210, 10 Mt long motor boats, 46, 14 Mt long motor boats, 23, 18-28 Mt long, deep sea boats. Thus in all, 279 motor boats can bee accommodated.
As per the order of Government of India, the second phase of development has to be completed within 48 months from the date of commencement. Therefore it has been immediately started as per the order by the Karnataka government
The Central Government has sanctioned 598.35 lakhs and the state Govt. 653.18 lakhs. So far, 12.50 cr has been utilised for the following developments : –
1. 120 Mt long – has been completed & 80% of 560 Mt long.
3. 90% of the work of the 2 auction centres has been completed
4. 230 Mt long concrete road has been completed
5. Electricity Supply, Water Supply work has been undertaken
6. Dredging work : Ncusly 85% of the work has been completed the project is expected to be ready by the end of 2000