The Medical Profession is one of the oldest and most respectable professions. The Physician has always been highly respected in society. In India, the two systems of medicine that are generally adopted are allopathic and the indigenous. Allopathy is practiced by physicians and surgeons who have completed MBBS. The Ayurvedic and Unani systems are practiced by those who have done BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic medicine and Surgery) and BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) respectively. Another popular system is homeopathy for which the qualification requirement is BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery). But here we will focus on two important segments of the profession:
(1) Medicine and Surgery
(2) Para Medical
Medicine and Surgery are further divided into:
Medicine: General medical emergencies may demand a varied knowledge. Doctors examine patients, diagnose their condition and decide upon a suitable treatment. Specialties within medicine include paediatrics, cardiology, dermatology, geriatrics, neurology.
Surgery: Surgeons are concerned with patients who need operations. Neurosurgeons diagnose disorders and injuries of the central peripheral nervous system, performing lengthy operations. Orthopaedics surgeons diagnose and treat injuries and diseases affecting the bones, tendons, joints and ligaments.
Pathology: Pathologists investigate the causes and effects of disease. They work in laboratories, supervising the work of other laboratory staff, and often have little contact with patients. Other specialties within pathology include blood transfusion and medical microbiology.
Psychiatry: Psychiatrists work with people suffering mental illness, and with those with a mental handicap. They often work within a team of professionals including social workers, psychologists and occupational therapists.
Para Medical: This is a field closely associated with the medical field and includes other areas such as Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy and Audiology. A brief description of each of these areas is given below:
Physiotherapy: This is a treatment of disease by remedies such as massage, fresh air, electricity, rather than by drugs.
Occupational Therapy: This is a treatment for the physically impaired and mentally sick person by a regulated course of suitable work.
Speech Therapy & Audiology: This involves treatment of speech impairments such as stammering by providing psychological help and supportive speech therapy.