An Engineer’s work touches every aspect of our lives. It is concerned with finding solutions to practical problems encountered in industry and industrialised society in general. In doing this, the chartered engineers must apply scientific principles, theories and methods to the analysis and solution to these problems. They may cover the construction of our urban environment, roads, buildings and factories; or the production, installation and maintenance of plant and equipment, machine tools, petro-chemical plants and motor vehicles; or the provision of essential services like gas, electricity, water etc.
As engineering covers such a vast field that it is essential to specialize in a specific branch. Some of which are
- Aeronautical Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Agriculture Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Ceramic Engineering
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- Electronics and Communication Engineering
- Marine Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metallurgical and Mining Engineering
- Naval Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Textile Engineering
Job Opportunities The size of the engineering industry gives tremendous scope for employment. Whichever branch one specializes in, the employment opportunities will be mainly restricted within that area eg. a chemical engineer will find job opportunities in industrial plants manufacturing soaps, oils, paints, explosives, petro chemical plants, petroleum refinery etc. Apart from jobs in the private sector, engineers can find employment in the public sector- railways, telecommunications and electricity departments etc. Defianse services (as commissioned officers), research organisations and laboratories. An engineer with entrepreneurship abilities can also set up his/her own enterprise or constancy.
There are numerous opportunities for engineers in the computer software industry. The current practice of leading computer companies like TCS, TISC, WIPRO, INFOSYS, etc is to recruit engineers of any branch following an aptitude test. Those selected are given intensive in house training of two to three months and then develop software projects.
The approximate starting salaries in the government /public sectors are Rs. 8,000 to Rs.10,000 per month plus perks. In the private sector, they are Rs.8,000 to Rs.15,000 per month plus perks. Engineering graduates with management degrees get a starting salary of Rs.10,000 to Rs.40,000 per month plus perks. Entrepreneurs can earn above Rs.20,000/- per month.
Prospectus In the initial stages engineers will generally make use of their particular engineering discipline in research, development or design work. The large companies may then have a career planning structure allowing progression to section leaders or project engineers. Each promotion leads to more staff management tasks and less technical work. Eventually engineers may join general management by doing a course in management. Where no such internal career structure exists it is usual for an engineer to gain experience and advancement by moving from company to company and from one branch of engineering to another.
Manipal Institute of Technology
Manipal, Udupi – 576 119
NMAM Institute of Technology
Nitte, Karnataka, India